You need to know minor chords too

The Minor Triad

The minor chords are built on the 2nd, 3rd and 6th scale degree of any major scale.

In the key of C, the 2, 3 and 6 are highlighted below

 

Hence, we will be creating the;

2 chord (D minor chord in the key of C)

3 chord (E minor chord in the key of C)

6 chord (A minor chord in the key of C)

Because they are the minor chords of any key.

We also have the minor chords formula just as we do for the Major chords and here it is;

Root + minor 3rd + Perfect 5th = minor chord

The only difference between the minor chord and major chord is that middle note “the 3rd”; the minor chord uses the “minor 3rd” while the Major chord uses the “Major 3rd”.

Since we are doing this in the key of C;

D minor chord is the 2 chord of the key of C

E minor chord is the 3 chord of the key of C

A minor chord is the 6 chord of the key of C

 

To get the D minor chord we have to spell out a D scale because the root (starting note) is D. We will have to spell out the “D natural minor scale” because we are talking about a “MINOR” chord here.

From our formula;

Root + minor 3rd + Perfect 5th = minor chord

D is the root (starting note)

F is the minor 3rd (one and half tones away from the root D)

A is the perfect 5th (3 and half tones from the root D)

Therefore the D minor chord is D + F + A

 

The next chord is the 3 chord which is E minor in the key of C major hence we have to spell out the E natural minor scale since we are about to figure out a “MINOR” chord here.

From our formula;

Root + minor 3rd + Perfect 5th = minor chord

E is the root (starting note)

G is the minor 3rd (one and half tones away from the root E)

B is the perfect 5th (3 and half tones from the root E)

Hence the E minor chord is E + G + B

 

I will leave you to work out the 6 chord which is A minor chord in key C based on this concept.

So in essence, the;

D minor chord “DFA” is the 2 chord of the key of C major

E minor chord “EGB” is the 3 chord of the key of C major.

Add the A minor chord yourself……………..

 

Conclusively, the rule of thumb for getting our minor chords:

  1. Identify the key you are in and write out the Major scale of that key.
  2. Secondly, recognize the 2, 3 and 6 scale degrees.
  3. Pick each and spell out the natural minor scale of their respective root; if “B” is the 3 then write out the B natural minor scale since you are looking for the “3 chord” which is B minor Chord.
  4. Finally use the minor chord formula “Root + minor 3rd + Perfect 5th = minor chord” to identify each note of that particular minor chord you are looking for.
  5. Repeat same steps for every minor chord you are looking for in that key you are in.

Leave a Reply